For the Birds Radio Program: Why Birds Attract People

Original Air Date: Jan. 25, 1988

What makes birds so alluring?

Duration: 4′01″


(Recording of a Black-capped Chickadee)

What is it about birds that so attracts people? Every year Americans spend over $500 million dollars on birdseed alone–and that’s not just chicken scratch. People spend years developing strategies to keep squirrels–our fellow mammals– out of feeders so there will be more for the birds. Just what is it about birds that captures our imaginations and makes us want to watch and nurture them more than even our closer relatives in the animal kingdom?

I used to think it was simply a matter of numbers. There simply aren’t as many kinds of mammals as there are birds. At my feeder this year I have eight or ten gray squirrels and one shrew–that’s it on the mammal front. On the bird front, I have two downies and two Hairy Woodpeckers, two crows, a couple of white-breasted nuthatches, four red-breasted nuthatches, several starlings, four juncoes, six House Sparrows, a couple of Purple Finches, one redpoll, a small flock of Pine Grosbeaks, about a hundred Pine Siskins, and, best of all, two Blue Jays. My favorite Port Wing Blue Jay hater gets more mammals than we do–he gets red squirrels as well as grays, an occasional flying squirrel, and three deer–but he gets a lot more birds than we do, too. Except for tame squirrels, birds are simply easier to find and watch than mammals. And reptiles, amphibians, fish, and invertebrates completely disappear in winter. Minnesota has just over 400 bird species on its official checklist, and Wisconsin is not far behind. Yet the entire Great Lakes Region only has about 80 species of mammals. Birds win the numbers contest by a landslide.

But birds are popular for more than that. The sheer magic of flight and mystery of migration have attracted people since earliest times. When people see birds they dream of freedom– imagining themselves able to come and go whenever and wherever they please. Ironically, in reality most birds are more restricted by their biological clocks and innate migratory patterns than the most driven humans are by a watch and schedule.

Konrad Lorenz believes the attraction to birds comes from the fact that their movements are on approximately the same time scale as our own, the sounds they make are in our own hearing range, and, like us, their vocalizations and sense of hearing are used in social communication. He wrote, “This emphasis on the senses of sight and hearing results in birds exerting strong claims on our aesthetic sentiments. Had we been “nose animals” like dogs and many other mammals, there would be no amateur ornithology. Instead of going out to enjoy the music of bird song on woodland walks, we would go snuffling round foxholes and badger sets and along hare and deer tracks…We would have mammal-sniffing societies instead of bird-watching societies.”

Whatever the reason, birds have an appeal that few other creatures on earth can match. Whether it’s a wild honker, an antarctic penguin, an African ostrich, or a fluffy ball of chickadee, birds are interesting and pleasing to almost everyone.

(Recording of a Black-capped Chickadee)

This is Laura Erickson, and this program has been “For the Birds.”